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Research Related to Deafness and Communication Disorders

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This federal aid program is managed by:

National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services

Objectives:

To investigate solutions to problems directly relevant to individuals with deafness or disorders of human communication in the areas of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) supports research including investigation into the etiology, pathology, detection, treatment, and prevention of disorders of hearing and other communication processes, primarily through the support of basic and applied research in anatomy, audiology, biochemistry, bioengineering, epidemiology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, the neurosciences, otolaryngology, psychology, pharmacology, physiology, psychophysics, speech-language pathology, and other scientific disciplines. The NIDCD supports: (1) Research into the evaluation of techniques and devices used in diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention of disorders of hearing and other communication processes; (2) research into prevention and early detection and diagnosis of hearing loss and speech, voice, and language disorders and research into preventing the effects of such disorders by means of appropriate referral and rehabilitation; (3) research into the detection, treatment, and prevention of disorders of hearing and other communication processes in the elderly population and its rehabilitation to ensure continued effective communication skills; and (4) research to expand knowledge of the effects of environmental agents that influence hearing or other communication processes. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program: To increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; to encourage small business participation in Federal research and development; and to foster participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program: To stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research and development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; to foster technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; to increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and to foster and encourage participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation.

Funding obligations:

(Project Grants) FY 09 $328,000,000; FY 10 est $336,983,000; FY 11 est $343,018,000

Uses and Use Restrictions:

Project Grants and Centers Grants may be used to provide salaries, equipment, supplies, travel, and other expenses for research. The grantee institution is obliged to expend grant funds prudently for the purposes as stated in the application and award document. Some National Research Service Awards (NRSAs) are made directly to individuals for research training in specified biomedical and behavioral research areas. Other training grants are made to institutions to enable them to make NRSAs to individuals selected by them. Each postdoctoral individual who receives an NRSA may be obligated, upon termination of the award, to comply with certain service and payback provisions. Mentored and unmentored career development awards are made to enhance the independent research capability of highly promising individuals during the formative stages of their careers. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program: Phase I grants (of approximately 6 months duration) are to establish the technical merit and feasibility of a proposed research effort that may lead to a commercial product or process. SBIR Phase II grants are for the continuation of the research efforts initiated in Phase I and that are likely to result in commercial products or processes. Only Phase I awardees are eligible to apply for Phase II support. STTR Phase I grant (normally of 1-year duration) are to determine the scientific, technical, and commercial merit and feasibility of the proposed cooperative effort. Phase II funding is based on results of research initiated in Phase I and scientific and technical merit and commercial potential of Phase II application. Grant funds may be expended only for the purpose stated in the application and award document.

Examples of Funded Projects:

Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2011: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2012: No Current Data Available

Program Accomplishments:

Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2011: An estimated 1,084 applications are expected to be reviewed and an estimated 316 competing applications are expected to be funded. The Institute supports a wide variety of basic and applied research studies concerning balance control, hearing, the senses of smell and taste, as well as speech, voice, and language. Encouraging progress has been made in each of these areas and is expected to continue. Clinical topics under investigation include vertigo; mild, moderate and profound hearing impairment; the design and efficacy of hearing aids and cochlear implants; aphasia; specific language impairment; disorders of taste and smell; stuttering, and voice disorders. Fiscal Year 2012: No Current Data Available

Types of Assistance:

PROJECT GRANTS

Range and Average of Financial Assistance:

Competing Grants: FY09 $14,000-$883,000; $259,000.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance:

Research Grant awards are made for a 12-month period with recommendation of up to 4 years of additional support. Center Grant awards support may be for a period not to exceed 5 years. Career development awards provide support for up to 5 years. NRSA fellowship and traineeship awards are usually for a 12-month period, with recommendation of additional support of no more than 5 years for predoctoral training and no more than 3 years for postdoctoral training. SBIR Phase I awards are generally for 6 months; Phase II awards normally may not exceed 2 years. STTR Phase I awards are generally for 1 year; Phase II awards normally may not exceed 2 years. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: After the progress report is evaluated and deemed satisfactory, a notice of grant award for each grant is issued annually.

Applicant Eligibility:

Project Grants and Centers Grants: Any public, private, nonprofit, or for-profit institution is eligible to apply. For-profit institutions are not eligible for institutional National Research Service Awards. All proposals are reviewed for scientific merit, for evaluation of the qualifications of the investigators, for adequacy of the research and/or research training environment and for significance of the problem. Approved proposals compete for available funds. Awardees of almost all Research Career Development Programs must be citizens or have been admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Candidates must be nominated for the program by a nonfederal public or private nonprofit institution located in the United States, its possessions or Territories. To be eligible, postdoctoral NRSA trainees and fellows must have a professional or scientific doctoral degree (M.D., Ph.D., D.D.S., D.O., D.V.M., Sc.D., D.Eng., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree). SBIR grants can be awarded only to domestic small businesses (entities that are independently owned and operated for profit, are not dominant in the field in which research is proposed, and have no more than 500 employees). Primary employment (more than one-half time) of the principal investigator must be with the small business at the time of award and during the conduct of the proposed project. In both Phase I and Phase II, the research must be performed in the United States or its possessions. To be eligible for funding, an SBIR grant application must be approved for scientific merit and program relevance by a scientific review group and a national advisory council. STTR grants can be awarded only to domestic small business concerns which 'partner' with a research institution in cooperative research and development. At least 40 percent of the project is to be performed by the small business concern and at least 30 percent by the research institution. In both Phase I and Phase II, the research must be performed in the U.S. and its possessions. To be eligible for funding, a grant application must be approved for scientific merit and program relevance by a scientific review group and a national advisory council.

Beneficiary Eligibility:

Health professionals, graduate students, health professional students, scientists, physicians, and other health and allied health professionals.

Award Procedure:

Research grant, career development, and research training program applications are reviewed initially by technical panels composed of scientific authorities, and by the National Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Advisory Council composed of 18 leaders in medicine, science, education, and public affairs. Approved applications will compete on a merit basis for available funds. Formal award notices are transmitted to the grantee or awardee. All accepted SBIR/STTR applications are evaluated for scientific and technical merit by an appropriate scientific peer review panel and by a national advisory council. All applications receiving a priority score compete for available SBIR/STTR set-aside funds on the basis of scientific and technical merit and commercial potential of the proposed research, program relevance, and program balance among the areas of research.

Contact Info for Headquarters Office:

Debra S. Holmes 6120 Executive Boulevard EPS - Room 400C, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7180 Email: holmesd@mail.nih.gov Phone: 3014968693 Fax: 3014026250

Website Address:

http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/.

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